- Get the victim out of the heat.
- Loosen tight clothing.
- Remove perspiration soaked clothing.
- Apply cool, wet cloths to the skin or spray mist with water.
- Place very cold water in Ziplock bag and hold on back of neck
- Fan the victim.
- If victim is conscious, give cool water to drink.
- Call 911 or local emergency number if victim refuses water, vomits, or starts to lose consciousness.
- If victim suffers from sunburn, follow the care guidelines for treating burns.
- Call 911 or local emergency number.
- Administer first response care for any life threatening problems such as breathing difficulties.
- Move the victim to a warm place if you can; handle gently.
- Remove any wet clothing and dry the victim.
- Warm the victim slowly by wrapping in blankets or putting on dry clothes including a hat.
- Apply other sources of heat if available (chemical heat packs or hot water bottles) under the blankets.
Exposure to the cold
- Cover the affected area.
- Handle gently, don’t rub.
- Soak affected part in warm water (not hot, about lOO-lO5°F should do it.)
- Do not let the affected part touch the water container.
- Keep in water until red and warm.
- Don’t use a space heater, hair dryer, or other portable heating equipment direct on skin.
- Avoid breaking blisters.
- Bandage with dry, clean dressing.
- Do not allow affected area to refreeze.
- Do not allow victim to walk on thawed feet until all feeling has returned.
- Call 911 or local emergency number to transport the victim to a medical facility.